Instrument

  • ID: 113
  • Type: small violin
  • Maker: Antonio Stradivari
  • Year built: 1736
  • City: Cremona
  • Name: Belle Skinner
 
Label: original: "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis / Facie- bat Anno 1736"; the last three digits of the date are handwritten; and another label in manuscript: "D'Anni 92"
Back: One-piece back of maple with some figure at the bottom
Ribs: same wood as back
Scroll: same wood as back
Neck: original, re-angled at the heel
Varnish: Reddish-brown
Body Length: 33.9 cm.
Upper Bout: 15.3 cm.
Center Bout: 10.3 cm.
Lower Bout: 19.2 cm.

Photos

Click on a thumbnail to view the full-size image.

  • front
  • front, back & side

Iconography Index

"How Many Strads? - Part XXXVI", Ernest N. Doring, Violins & Violinists, February, 1943, 1943: Black-and-white photos (front, back & side).

Cremona 1730-1750: the Olympus of Violin Making, Christopher Reuning, editor, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2008: Color photos (front, back & scroll). Order

The Belle Skinner Collection of Old Musical Instruments, William Skinner, Holyoke, Massachusetts, 1933: Black-and-white photos (front, back & side).

The Strad 2001 Calendar, Orpheus Publications, London, 2000: Color photos (front & back - December).

Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, New York, 1972: Black-and-white photos (front, back & side).


Notes

A three-quarter size violin. Label: "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis / Facie- bat Anno 1736." The last three digits of the date are handwritten and are followed by the trademark of Stradivari, the initials A.S. flanking a cross. The Yale Stradivari is an especially important example in the extant oeuvre of its maker for two reasons. First, a second inscription, "at the age of 92," proudly appended to the label by the master in his own handwriting is one of the documents by which his birth date is established. Second, it is notable among Stradivari's surviving instruments for the remarkable state of preservation of its original varnish.
http://www.yale.edu/musicalinstruments/stradivari.html
"Interestingly, the soundholes and head are virtually full-sized. The violin is reminiscent of the 'Rode, Le Nestor' and the 'Tangye, Segelman', but shows finally that Antonio is losing full command. This can be seen in the purfling inlay which is inexact and the purfling mitres which lack the confident form seen earlier. . . The button, which is quite narrow and long, seems to have its original shape and a visible compass point in the middle. . . It is interesting to note that that the center line at the back of the peg box greatly deviates from the still visible scribe line and center compass points. . .

. . .Although the handwriting [of the labels with 'D'Anni 9x'] was commonly thought to be Stradivari's, current historians believe most of them to be that of Count Cozio di Salabue who wished to memorialize his theory of the maker's age on the Stradivaris in his collection. These inscriptions led to the determination by Hills that Stradivari was born in 1644, a conclusion which is not supported by archival documents.
"
Cremona 1730-1750: the Olympus of Violin Making, Christopher Reuning, editor, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2008.
Cozio's notes: "Very small Stradivari. One-piece back with wide and unpronounced grain. The button is more than half a circle. The neck is good work, and the scroll is outlined. The top is well made with still intact good F-holes. Is has not been played. Purfling. New bass bar. One-piece sides. Thick varnish. Modified by Guadagnini. Original label, as like the others, made in 1730. Though I believe that it was made in 1736, when he was at the age of 92. It originally belonged to Mr. Boroni. Since 1823, it has had a place in the main collection." (p. 215-16)
Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Brandon Frazier, Baltimore, 2007.

Provenance

Owner Owned From Owned In Owned Till Price paid
Yale University          
Belle Skinner  1910      For members only 
W.E. Hill & Sons      1910   
...         
Alfred Sassoon  1892      For members only 
W.E. Hill & Sons  1891    1892   
Marquis Provana      1891   
...         
Count Cozio di Salabue  1775       
Paolo Stradivari      1775   
...         

Current owner Current owner
Indicates that the owner is or was also a musician Indicates that the owner is or was also a musician

References

Cremona 1730-1750: the Olympus of Violin Making, Christopher Reuning, editor, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2008. Order

Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Brandon Frazier, Baltimore, 2007.

The Belle Skinner Collection of Old Musical Instruments, William Skinner, Holyoke, Massachusetts, 1933.

The Strad 2001 Calendar, Orpheus Publications, London, 2000.

Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, New York, 1972.

W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990).

"How Many Strads? - Part XXXVI", Ernest N. Doring, Violins & Violinists, February, 1943, 1943.

http://soundpostonline.com/archive/winter2001/page6.htm

http://www.yale.edu/musicalinstruments/stradivari.html